What is child trafficking?
According to international law, child trafficking involves the criminal movement of children for the explicit purpose of their exploitation. The details of this heinous crime against the most innocent, and consequently the most vulnerable, citizens of society can be further explained in the following manner in order to be better understood.
A child may be defined as a person who is under the age of 18. Child Trafficking involves the organized movement of a child with the aim of ultimately exploiting them. Sadly enough, often times this involves a transaction where someone receives some sort of benefit in order to exploit the child. Oftentimes this someone may be the child’s own parents whether they know what they are doing to their child or not. They may believe that their child will be working in a restaurant or some other type of work and that they will be giving their child a chance to escape poverty.
A child trafficker is therefore any person who has knowingly contributed to the movement of a child intending, thereby, to exploit them. Child Traffickers include: recruiters, intermediaries, document providers, transporters, corrupt officials, employers and exploiters. Consequently those who help in the movement of children without the explicit intention of their exploitation are not child traffickers.
Child traffickers use the child’s fear and vulnerability in order to exploit them. This can be carried out by either threatening the child with harm to themselves or family members. Keep in mind that the child is far from their family and they are in an environment that they are un-knowledgeable about. If they have been moved across international borders they are at a disadvantage in terms of language and legal status. The child trafficker uses the above combined with the fact that the child does not have money or the means to return to their homes as a catalyst to exploit them. Oftentimes this includes prostituting them or sexually exploiting them in other ways. .